Elliott Wave Theory Overview: Types & How to Trade With It | CFI VU

# Elliott Wave Theory

## What is Elliott wave theory?

The theory was developed by R.N. Elliott in the 1930s and was popularized by Robert Prechter in the 1970s. Elliott studied several years of stock market data across various indices and discovered that market forms the same types of patterns on a smaller timeframe (lesser degree) that it does on a longer timeframe (higher degree). These patterns provide clues as to what might happen next in the market. According to the theory, it does not depend on what timeframe you are analyzing; market movements follow the same types of patterns. The Elliott Wave Theory suggests that the stock prices move continuously up and down in the same pattern known as waves that are formed by the traders’ psychology. Elliott call these waves Motives and Corrective Waves as shown in figure (1)

Figure 1

×

## Elliot Wave Cycle

According to the theory, the stock market unfolds according to basic pattern of five waves up and three waves down to form one complete cycle of eight waves as shown in figure (2)

Figure 2

×

## What are Motives and Corrective Waves?

1. Motive Waves
2. Correction Waves

### 1- Motive Waves

• Motive waves move in the direction of the main trend and has internal structure of 5 waves.
• Wave 1, 3 and 5 are motive waves.

There are two types of motive waves

#### A- Impulsive Wave

It has three unbreakable rules that define its formation:
1- Wave 2 cannot retrace more than 100% of Wave 1.
2- Wave 3 can never be the shortest of waves 1, 3, and 5.
3- Wave 4 can never overlap Wave 1.
If one of these rules is violated, the structure is not an impulse wave. As shown in figure (3)

Figure 3

×

#### B- Diagonal Wave

The diagonal wave looks like a wedge that may be either expanding or contracting. The diagonal rules are the same as the impulse wave rules except wave 4 could overlap with wave 1 as shown in figure (4)

Figure 4

×

Figure 4

×

Diagonals can be further divided into the ending and leading diagonals. The ending diagonal usually occurs in Wave 5 of an impulse wave or the last wave of corrective waves whereas the leading diagonal is found in either the Wave 1 of an impulse wave or the Wave A position of a zigzag correction.

### 2- Correction Waves

There are four types of corrective waves:

#### A- Zigzag

The Zig-Zag is a corrective wave that is made up of 3 waves labelled as A, B and C that move strongly up or down. The A and C waves are motive waves whereas the B wave is corrective (often with 3 sub-waves) as shown in figure (5).

Figure 5

×

#### B- Flat

The flat is another three-wave correction in which the sub-waves are formed in a 3-3-5 structure which is labelled as an A-B-C structure. In the flat structure, both Waves A and B are corrective and Wave C is motive having 5 sub-waves.as shown in figure (6)

Figure 6

×

#### C- Triangle

The triangle is a pattern consisting of five sub-waves in the form of a 3-3-3-3-3 structure, that is labelled as A-B-C-D-E. this corrective pattern shows a balance of forces and it travels sideways. The triangles can also be categorized as symmetrical, descending or ascending, based on whether they are pointing sideways, up with a flat top or down with a flat bottom.as shown in figure (7)

Figure 7

×

#### D- Combinations Correction

The combination could include two variations of corrective patterns such as zigzag followed by a flat as shown in figure (8)

Figure 8

×

## How the Wave Principle Improves Trading?

Here are five ways the Wave Principle can benefit you and improve your trading:

1. The Wave Principle identifies the trend.
2. It identifies countertrend price moves within the larger trend.
3. It determines the maturity of the trend.
4. It provides high-confidence price targets.
5. It provides specific points of invalidation.

## How to trade using Elliot wave theory?

My best advice to you as you look for a trading opportunity is to start your search by asking the question, “Do I see a wave pattern I recognize?” You should look for one of the five core Elliott wave patterns: impulse wave, ending diagonal, zigzag, flat, or triangle.

Whenever an impulse wave is complete the trading technique is to enter on a break below the extreme of wave (iv) of 5 as shown in figure (9). Set the initial protective stop at the extreme of the price move.

Figure 9

×

Wait for a break of the extreme of wave 4 before taking a position, and place the initial protective stop at the extreme of the price move as shown in figure (10)

Figure 10

×

Entering a trade during a zigzag is on a break of the extreme of wave [iv] of C, provided this level is beyond the termination of wave A as shown in figure (11)

Figure 11

×

The recommended entry technique is similar to that of an impulse wave: Wait until prices exceed the extreme of wave (iv) of C to enter a trade as shown in figure (12)

Figure 12

×

A triangle is a sideways price move—typically bounded by converging trendlines—that subdivides into waves A, B, C, D, and E. The entry guideline is to wait for prices to break the extreme of wave D and place an initial protective stop where wave E terminates. As shown in figure (13)

Figure 13

×

## Conclusion

As we have discussed above Elliott wave theory is open to interpretations in different ways by different traders, so are their patterns. Thus, traders should ensure that when they identify the patterns.

Tags:
CFI Financial Group is an award winning global financial markets provider with over 23 years of experience and regulated entities in several jurisdictions, focused on offering impeccable execution and trading conditions including very low spreads, professional services, dedicated support and powerful tools.
Credit Financier Invest Limited has regulated subsidiaries in
London • Larnaca • Beirut • Amman • Dubai • Port Louis
Credit Financier Invest Limited
Govant Building , BP 1276
Port Vila Vanuatu

Important Disclaimer:

We would like to remind that while we endeavour to provide best possible services, CREDIT FINANCIER INVEST (INTERNATIONAL) LIMITED provides execution only services and any information, reports, opinions, commentary or other materials he receives from CFI directly or from its employees or through any analytical tools provided to him or third party research provided to him from the Company shall not be deemed as investment advice and it cannot be relied upon to make investment decisions. The Client commits to make his own research and from external sources as well to make any investment. The Client accepts that CFI will not accept liability for any loss or damage, including without limitation to, any loss of profit, which may arise directly or indirectly from use of or reliance on such information. The contents of any report provided should not be construed as an express or implied promise, as a guarantee or implication that clients will profit from the strategies herein, or as a guarantee that losses in connection therewith can, or will be limited.

Forex and CFDs are leveraged products that incur a high level of risk and a small adverse market movement may expose the client to lose the entire invested capital. The vast majority of retail client accounts lose money when trading in CFDs. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. The possibility exists that you could sustain a loss in excess of your deposited funds even if a stop loss is used and therefore, you should not speculate with capital that you cannot afford to lose and be aware of trading risks. Please note that we do not offer our investment /ancillary services to residents of certain jurisdictions such as USA, Sudan, Syria, Republic of Korea and other countries, as those listed to FATF and MONEYVAL recommendations. CREDIT FINANCIER INVEST (INTERNATIONAL) LIMITED provides general information that does not take into account your objectives, financial situation or needs. The content of this website must not be interpreted as personal advice. Please ensure that you understand the risks involved and seek independent advice if necessary.

The Best Online Financial Trading Services, Middle East, 2020
Entrepreneur Magazine