How to Find Undervalued Stocks to Add to Your Portfolio

For value investors, nothing is better than finding an undervalued stock, meaning a business with potential currently trading at a discount. This article will provide several fundamental methods to find your perfect investment opportunity.


Stocks are evaluated by understanding the company's financial health. To understand this metric, analysts study financial statements, how they have evolved over the years, and how they compare to competitors using several financial valuation ratios. Analysts also look at market trends and the macroeconomic environment.


The income statement reflects the company's profitability, revenue stream, and expense management. The balance sheet provides a snapshot of the company's financial position at a given period, including the company's liquidity and solvency. Finally, the cash flow statement offers insights into the operational efficiency and cash flow generation.


Valuation ratios are calculated from these financial statements to estimate the fair value of a stock. The most important ratios include Price-to-Earnings (P/E), Price-to-Book (P/B), the Peter Lynch Fair Value Method, and the Discounted Cash Flow Method (DCF).


Price-to-Earnings (P/E) Ratio: This compares a company's stock price to its earnings per share. A lower P/E ratio might indicate a potentially undervalued stock, and vice versa.


Price/Earnings to Growth Ratio (PEG) Ratio: This ratio considers a company's stock price relative to its earnings per share (EPS) and expected earnings growth rate. A PEG ratio lower than one could indicate an undervalued stock, as the market price may not fully reflect the company's projected growth potential, and vice versa.


Price-to-Book (P/B) Ratio: This compares a company's stock price to its book value per share. A lower P/B ratio could suggest an undervalued stock, and vice versa.


Peter Lynch Fair Value: This ratio is calculated by multiplying the PEG, EPS TTM, and Earnings Growth Rate to establish whether the company is trading at its fair value.


Discounting Cash Flow Method (DCF): The DCF method assumes a stock's intrinsic value to be the present value of all its future cash flows that an investor expects to receive from the investment. These cash flows can come from dividends and/or potential future stock price appreciation upon selling the stock.


Still, investors shouldn't depend solely on one method to evaluate stocks, as each method has limitations. Instead, different methods should be considered in conjunction with each other, while also considering macroeconomic and technical analysis for better-informed analysis.





The content published above has been prepared by CFI for informational purposes only and should not be considered as investment advice.  Any view expressed does not constitute a personal recommendation or solicitation to buy or sell.  The information provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation, and needs of any specific person who may receive it, and is not held out as independent investment research and may have been acted upon by persons connected with CFI.  Market data is derived from independent sources believed to be reliable, however, CFI makes no guarantee of its accuracy or completeness, and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of its use by recipients.