A Death Cross In Technical Analysis


Stock market Prices move randomly in the short term daily; you cannot be sure if tomorrow will be an up or down day, so it is tough to predict this movement over short time periods, but in the long term, this randomness decreases significantly. We see market prices move in trends, sometimes upward and sometimes downward. Technical analysis tools aim to help traders identify these big trends in order to be on the profitable side of the market. Technical analysis tools can help investors and traders to identify the early stages of the upward cycle and the early stage of the downward cycle. One of the best tools is technical analysis in determining a change in market trend sentiment is moving averages. Some of the crossovers between moving averages significantly impact traders' behavior; the most famous is the golden cross and death cross.


What are Moving averages?

Before talking about the moving averages crossover such as the death cross, it is necessary to know what moving averages are? A moving average is the average of a range of prices of an asset over a given period. Moving averages are calculated by finding the arithmetic mean of the closing prices of an asset, which is found by summing the prices in the set and then dividing that sum by the number of elements comprising the set. The most common time periods are 10 days, 50 days, 100 days, and 200 days.

EMA 50, 100, 200 on S&P 500 index chart

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Moving averages are plotted alongside prices on a price chart where the x-axis reflects the time and the y-axis reflects the price. Moving averages form smooth lines in contrast to the patterns formed by the price which are spiky.

Moving averages follow prices in an uptrend, 50 MA moves above 100 MA and 200 MA, and in the downtrend, 50 MA moves below 100 MA and 200 MA. When these averages intersect, traders can anticipate the change in price direction begins.


What is a Death cross?

The Death Cross pattern appears when a short-term moving average drop below a long-term moving average. Typically, the 50-day moving average and the 200-day moving average are used to identify a Death Cross. The appearance of a Death Cross indicates a decline in short-term momentum and a trend toward lower prices. This tells you that the short-term trend is much weaker than the long-term trend, so the market can be considered bearish. The death cross is the exact opposite of another chart pattern known as the golden cross.

Death Cross pattern on the chart

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The relation between the Death cross and the bear market

A Death Cross has appeared before all of the most severe bear markets over the course of the last 100 years. This includes the bear markets of 1929, 1938, 1974, and 2008. However, Death Crosses have also appeared when the market has only suffered a correction, meaning that it dropped by at least 10% but less than 20%.

Death cross can appear in all assets, not only in major indices such as sp500. It can appear in stocks and cryptocurrencies and has the same effect. The charts below show Apple stock had a death cross in December 2018, then declined more than 18% after that death cross. Bitcoin had a death cross in January 2022, then fell by 33% after that signal. To summarize, the death cross happens when a bullish trend reverses and a bearish trend is underway. It can take some time for it to print, depending on how close the two moving averages are to one another. In general, the steeper the bullish trend, the longer it will take for a bearish cross to happen once the price starts reversing.

Death Cross on the Apple stocks chart

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Death Cross on the Bitcoin chart

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Limitations of the Death Cross Signal

The death cross is that the pattern sometimes won’t show up until a security’s price has fallen well below its peak. In order to alter a death cross calculation to see the downtrend a little sooner, some investors say that a death cross occurs when the security’s trading price (not its short-term moving average) falls under its 200-day moving average. For experienced traders, investors, and analysts, a death cross pattern for a stock is most meaningful when combined with, and confirmed by, other technical indicators.

The Death Cross is a lagging indicator, so in some cases, the bearish times it portends may already be behind. When a Death Cross isn't backed up by other technical indicators, it may be a sign of a short-term downtrend, and investors may want to "buy the dip."

According to Fundstrat research cited in Barron's, the S&P 500 index was higher a year after the death cross about two-thirds of the time, averaging a gain of 6.3% over that span. That's well off the annualized gain of 10.5% for the S&P 500 since 1926 but hardly a disaster in most instances. The track record of the death cross as a precursor of market gains is even more appealing over shorter time frames. Since 1971, the 22 instances in which the 50-day moving average of the Nasdaq Composite index fell below its 200-day moving average were followed by average returns of about 2.6% over the next month, 7.2% in three months, and 12.4% six months after the death cross, roughly double the typical Nasdaq return over those time frames, according to Nautilus Research. The 23rd such occasion occurred in February 2022.


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