Long Term Trading


Suppose you want to become a successful trader in financial markets. In that case, you have to choose a way of trading that suits your way of life, trading methods can be classified into many classifications, but we will mention here the classification of trading methods by time that determines how often you’ll place a trade and how long you will keep those trades open for. Some traders prefer to constantly monitor the market and trade with higher frequency. Meanwhile, others prefer to trade just once or twice per day. Financial markets are a multifaceted world that offers plenty of opportunities to make money through trading.



Scalping is a very rapid trading style. Scalpers often make trades within just a few seconds. That means they may go long one minute but short the next, often taking advantage of small price movements usually with high leverage. Scalping best suits active traders who can make instant decisions and act on them without hesitation. Impatient people often make the best scalpers, because they expect their trades to make a profit right away. They will exit the trade quickly if it goes against them. To succeed as a scalper requires focus and concentration


Day Trading

Day trading suits traders who prefer to start and complete a task on the same day. Day trading is a style that specifies a trader will open and close all their positions before the markets close each evening. Day traders will buy and sell multiple assets within the trading day, or sometimes multiple times a day, to take advantage of short-term market movements.


Swing Trading

Swing Traders are considered medium-term as positions are generally held between a few hours and a few days. swing trading is the process of identifying where an asset's price is likely to move next, entering a position, and capturing a chunk of the profit if that move materializes.


Position Trading (Long Term Trading)

Position trading is the longest-term trading of all. It often involves trades that last for several years. Thus, position trading only suits the most patient and least excitable traders. Its targets are often several thousand pips.

Investing is perhaps the most recognized form of position trading. However, an investor would deploy a ‘buy and hold strategy, whereas position trading can also refer to short positions – to sell an asset. Large capital is required to withstand any potential volatility during the lifetime of the trade in order to avoid a margin call. Position traders usually use a combination of technical ​ and fundamental analysis when making decisions, but also consider other factors such as market trends and historical patterns.

Trading styles and their time frames

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Positional trading strategies

1. Breakout Trading Strategy

The basic concept underlying breakout systems is straightforward: the ability of a market to move to a new high or low indicates the potential for a continued trend in the direction of the breakout.

1. cover short and go long if today’s close exceeds the prior N -day high.
2. cover long and go short if today’s close is below the prior N -day low.


The value chosen for N will define the sensitivity of the system. if a short-duration period is used for comparison to the current price (e.g., N = 7), the system will indicate trend reversals fairly quickly, but will also generate many false signals. in contrast, the choice of a longer-duration period (e.g., N = 40) will reduce false signals, but at the cost of slower entry.

One of the most famous breakout systems is the Donchian channel The Donchian channel is an indicator used in market trading developed by Richard Donchian. It is formed by taking the highest high and the lowest low of the last n periods. The area between the high and the low is the channel for the period chosen. Figure (1) below shows the SP500 chart with 20 Day Donchian Channel, Buy signal is triggered when the price breaks above 20 days high and the sell signal is triggered when the price breaks below 20 day low

SP500 chart with 20 Day Donchian Channel

Figure 1


2. Moving Average Trading

The moving average for a given day is equal to the average of that day’s closing price and the closing prices on the preceding N − 1 day, where N is equal to the number of days in the moving average.

Because the moving average is based on past prices, in a rising market, the moving average will be below the price, while in a declining market, the moving average will be above the price. Thus, when a price trend reverses from up to down, prices must cross the moving average from above. Similarly, when the trend reverses from down to up, prices must cross the moving average from below.


In the most basic type of moving average system, these crossover points are viewed as trade signals:

1- A buy signal is generated when the shorter moving average crosses above the longer moving average.
2- A sell signal is generated when the shorter moving average crosses below, the longer moving average

Figure (2) below shows the SP500 chart with 50 EMA and 200 EMA Buy signal is triggered when the 50 EMA breaks above 200 EMA, and the sell signal is triggered when the 50 EMA cross below the 200 EMA

SP500 chart with 50 EMA and 200 EMA

Figure 2


Advantages of position trading strategies

  • position trading is a long-term strategy that can yield significant gains.
  • Because positions do not need to be examined daily, the trader is less concerned than with certain short-term techniques.
  • The positional trading strategy simply necessitates time spent analyzing probable stocks, leaving more significant time for other transactions or professional duties.
  • position trading is often less stressful than other methods of active trading
  • Widely supported through technical analysis tools that indicate trading signals

Disadvantages of position trading strategies

  • As transactions might run for several months, a large amount of cash is required to keep positions open for an extended length of time.
  • If the position stays open for a long period, swap fees can accumulate to a huge amount.
  • Requires strong technical analysis background
  • Often requires patience to recognize the long-term change in security price

The content published above has been prepared by CFI for informational purposes only and should not be considered as investment advice.  Any view expressed does not constitute a personal recommendation or solicitation to buy or sell.  The information provided does not have regard to the specific investment objectives, financial situation, and needs of any specific person who may receive it, and is not held out as independent investment research and may have been acted upon by persons connected with CFI.  Market data is derived from independent sources believed to be reliable, however, CFI makes no guarantee of its accuracy or completeness, and accepts no responsibility for any consequence of its use by recipients